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Tag: "Penicillium"

Types of Mold You Should Know About

[ 0 ] January 28, 2010

For most of us it’s important that we keep our homes as clean as possible and that includes keeping it free from mold. Yet as easy as that may sound, there are literally millions of types of mold in and around your home every day. And while some molds are not harmful, there are some, which can cause a variety of health issues.

Here are the most common molds, which can generally be found in your home:

Types of Mold

Aspergillus is actually the most common species when it comes to mold (fungus). There are over 150 different types of Aspergillus molds with sixteen of those species having known to cause humans illnes. The fungus is often found in decomposing organic materials and contaminated foods and can cause severe allergic reactions in humans almost immediately.

Caldosporium is a fungus that is found on decaying plants, woody plants, food, straw, soil and paint. There are over 30 species of Caldosporium with the most common causing skin lesions, nail fungus, sinusitis and asthma.  And in several studies, chronic exposure to the fungus has been known to lead to pulmonary emphysema.

Fusarium is a fungus that is commonly found in soil and on plants. The fungus can also be found in humidifiers and carpets that have been water damaged. Human contact with Fusarium can result in eye, skin and nail infections, but can also product hemorrhagic syndrome in severe cases.  

Mycotoxins are actually a byproduct used by the fungi inside of our bodies, which in return can cause cold and flu type symptoms, sore throats, nosebleeds, headaches and fatigue. Some molds that have been known to produce mycotoxins are black mold (also known as stachybotrys) and Aspergillus.

Penicillium is a green or blue fungus found in soil, food, cellulose, paint, wallpaper and decaying vegetation. The fungus can cause hypersensitivity, asthma and severe allergic reactions in some people. Penicullium also has several species and has been used to make certain cheeses and penicillin. However, it can also cause kidney and liver damage in some people since it does have the ability to produce mycotoxins.

Stachybotrys is a fungus, which thrives on water damage and moisture ridden surfaces such as drywall, shower tiles, wallpaper and carpeting. Stachybotrys also know as black mold effects more households than many people realize.

If a leaking pipe or leaky roof has gone unnoticed, chances are that area will have Stachybotrys growth. The fungus is generally black and slimy in appearance and can cause extreme health illnesses to both humans and pets when it is left untreated.

Exposure to this toxic fungi can cause dermatitis, chronic pain, coughing, respiratory infections, migraines, dizziness, nose bleeds, fever, cold and flu like symptoms and even death in small children and pets.

Of all of these types of mold, they should all be handled with extreme care regardless of the situation or species. Removing mold from your home not only allow for a cleaner environment, it also gives you a peace of mind against unnecessary health risks.